How to Protect Your Skin from Sun Damage

How to Protect Your Skin from Sun Damage

Sun protection is essential to maintaining healthy skin and preventing skin problems. Too much exposure to the sun can cause various issues, some of which can lead to irreversible damage. We’ve put together a handy guide to help you understand the dangers of too much sun on your skin. Discover how to protect your skin from sun damage below.

How does the sun damage skin?

The sun produces ultraviolet rays, which can be harmful to our skin. UV rays aren’t visible to the human eye but can penetrate the skin and cause issues. Two types of UV rays can harm your skin: UVA rays and UVB rays.

UVA rays penetrate deep into the skin and can cause premature ageing, wrinkles, and age spots. UVB rays penetrate the outer layer of the skin, causing sunburn. These rays can damage the DNA in skin cells, leading to mutations that can cause skin cancer.

How can I prevent sun damage to my skin?

The best way to protect your skin from sun damage is to wear SPF sunscreen on your face and body every day. It is recommended that you wear sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, but 50+ is preferable. Sun protection is needed not only on sunny days but on cloudy days and during winter, as UV rays can still penetrate the clouds and cause damage. You should apply sunscreen after you put on moisturiser and before you put makeup on. Be sure to get your neck and ears, as these areas are easy to forget!

Try to avoid being in the sun during peak UV hours, which in New Zealand are between 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. If you need to be out and about during this time, wear sunglasses and a hat to shade exposed skin.

My skin is sun damaged – how do I take care of it?

There are several signs of sun damage you should look out for. These include:

Many treatments are available to get your skin back to its best. The team at Avana can help you figure out how to treat your skin safely and effectively. We offer services such as chemical peels, laser to remove the damaged outer layer of skin, and other methods to improve the appearance of sun damage.

Book your sun damage treatment day

It's essential to be aware of these signs of sun damage and take steps to protect your skin, such as wearing protective clothing, seeking shade, and applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30. If you notice any changes in your skin, speak with a dermatologist to determine the cause, and get appropriate treatment. If you have experienced sun damage and are looking to treat it, the team at Avana can help; our specialist consultants have over 25 years of experience. Get in touch today to learn more about our treatments and book your appointment.

What are the Different Types of Acne and Acne Scars?

What are the Different Types of Acne and Acne Scars?

Acne is an unfortunate part of life that everyone will experience at some point. If you want to treat your acne and the scars it leaves behind, it's important to know the different types of acne. What works for one type of acne may not work for another.

We've created a guide to the different types of acne and acne scars to help you identify and specifically treat the issues with your skin. Read on to learn more!

The Different Types of Acne

Acne can look different to every person. Identifying the different types of acne will help you determine the cause and the best way to treat it. We have outlined a few of the most common acne types and their causes.


Whiteheads are what people tend to think of when they think of acne. They are small round bumps that develop under the skin with a white or yellowish top (the head).

Whiteheads form when a pore gets clogged by dead skin cells and sebum, an oily substance the body produces to keep skin hydrated. When a thin layer of skin grows over the blocked pore, it becomes inflamed and turns into a whitehead. While it can be tempting, avoid popping whiteheads if you can. Popping can spread bacteria to other parts of the face and cause future scarring.


Blackheads are also a result of pores blocked by dead skin cells and sebum. However, unlike whiteheads, they remain open. The exposure to oxygen is what causes the material in the pore to darken. Blackheads are relatively easy to treat, and they don't get inflamed like other acne.


Papules occur when clogging in a pore builds up until the pressure ruptures the walls of the pore, spreading bacteria to the surrounding area. Your immune system reacts to the bacteria by sending white blood cells to fight infection, which causes inflammation and redness.


Pustules are like papules; however, the immune response causes them to fill with pus, causing them to be more inflamed and redder than papules. While they look like whiteheads, pustules are often identifiable due to their redness and swelling.


Nodules are a more severe type of acne and often leave scars. Nodular acne forms large, hard bumps underneath the skin. These bumps are often very painful as they form deeper under the skin and can be very difficult to treat.

The Different Types of Acne Scars

Along with the acne itself, acne scars are a concern for many people. Some people may successfully treat their acne, but scars can remain. Below we explore some of the different types of acne scars.

Ice-pick Scars

Ice-pick scars look like small, deep holes pierced by something sharp, like an ice-pick. These scars result from deep infection, which destroys skin tissue, such as nodular acne.

Boxcar Scars

Boxcar acne scars are pitted depressions in the skin caused by the loss of collagen due to inflammatory acne.

Rolling Scars

Long-term inflammatory acne can lead to rolling acne scars. Rolling scars bring a wavy unevenness to the skin's surface. Rolling scars become more obvious the older you get as your skin loses its natural elasticity.


Hyperpigmentation is one of the most common scars that people experience after acne. Unlike the other types of scarring, hyperpigmentation doesn't affect the skin's texture. Hyperpigmentation is a discolouration left on the skin where the acne was.

Treating Acne and Scarring

There are many different treatments available for acne. A good skincare routine is enough for some people to keep their skin looking clear. However, for more severe acne, you may require more intense treatments. Cosmetic treatments such as laser treatments, microdermabrasion, or chemical peel target deep and severe acne in a way that at-home treatments can't.

Acne scars are a little more complicated to treat than active acne, and they will require professional help to resolve. Laser or collagen treatments can be effective. Always talk to a dermatologist or skincare professional before getting any treatments done.

Get Glowing Skin with Avana

If you are struggling with acne or acne scars, Avana Cosmetics and Laser Clinics offer a huge range of treatments to achieve glowing skin and boost confidence. Our specialist consultants have over 25 years of experience in the industry. Get in touch today to discuss which treatment option is best for you.

Different types of acne

What Causes Uneven Skin Tone?

What Causes Uneven Skin Tone?

Uneven skin tone is a common skin concern that many people experience. Genetics, sun exposure, hormonal changes, and lifestyle habits can all cause issues with skin tone. In this blog post, we will explore what causes irregular skin tone and how to prevent or treat it.


One of the leading causes of uneven skin tone is genetics. If you have a family history of hyperpigmentation or skin discolouration, you are more likely to experience it. This type of skin tone issue is often more challenging to treat, but there are still ways to improve the appearance of your skin. For example, skin-brightening products containing ingredients like vitamin C or niacinamide can help reduce the appearance of dark spots.

Sun exposure

Exposure to the sun's harmful UV rays is another common cause of uneven skin tone. When you expose your skin to the sun, it produces melanin, which gives it its colour. However, too much sun exposure can cause an overproduction of melanin, leading to dark spots and irregular skin tone. Avoid spending too much time in direct sunlight to prevent this. Wearing sunscreen every day, even on cloudy days, is also essential. For more sun safe advice, take a look here.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes can cause problems with skin tone, particularly in women. For example, pregnancy, menopause, and hormonal birth control can all affect melanin production in the skin, leading to discolouration. It's important to use skincare products that contain ingredients like retinol or glycolic acid, which can help even out your skin tone.

Acne scars

Acne scars are another common cause of uneven skin tone. When you have a pimple, the skin around it can become inflamed, leading to discolouration after it has healed. It's important to avoid picking or popping your pimples, as this can cause further inflammation and scarring. If you already have acne scars, treatments are available to help improve the appearance of your skin, such as chemical peels or laser therapy.

Lifestyle habits

Finally, certain lifestyle habits can also cause issues with skin tone. For example, smoking can cause a decrease in blood flow to the skin, leading to a dull, uneven complexion. Alcohol consumption can also cause dehydration, making your skin appear dry and patchy. Adopting healthy lifestyle habits, such as getting enough sleep, staying hydrated, avoiding smoking, and reducing alcohol consumption, can prevent this. These habits can also prevent other skin conditions, such as  enlarged pores.

Treat your skin with Avana today

Now that you know what causes uneven skin tone, you can take the steps to prevent it. Following the right prevention and treatment methods can help you achieve a more even, radiant complexion. Avana offers access to the best quality cosmetic treatments to help you feel confident in your skin. We use the smartest technologies and proven techniques to treat a range of skin conditions.

Need to treat uneven skin tone? Get in touch with Avana today to learn more about our FDA-approved treatments; we have a dedicated team of experienced and qualified consultants ready to help.

What Causes Melasma?

Melasma typically forms between the ages of 20 and 40 years old and can be a significant worry for people who don’t understand the issue they are dealing with. Melasma occurs when cells responsible for the colour of your skin are overproduced. It is a common, harmless condition that usually fades after a few months.

Melasma is more likely to affect people with darker skin or who tan more easily than those with fairer skin. Men are also less likely to experience melasma than women.

Below, we’ll break down the causes of melasma and explore the cosmetic treatments available at Avana.

The Primary Causes of Melasma

Melasma has several known causes, including radiation, which could come from ultraviolet, visible, or infrared (heat) light. Ultraviolet and infrared radiation from the sun can both make melasma worse, as can changes in hormones during pregnancy, hormone treatment, or while taking birth control pills. Certain skin care products can also irritate the skin.

Melasma may also have a genetic component, as people whose close relatives have experienced melasma are more likely to develop it themselves.

Recognising the Types of Melasma

Melasma can cause light or dark brown and black or bluish spots and patches on your skin. Sometimes the patches can become red or inflamed. There are three types of melasma, based on the depth of the pigment. These three types are:

  • Epidermal: Epidermal melasma has a dark brown colour and a well-defined border.
  • Dermal: Dermal melasma has a light brown or bluish colour and a blurry border.
  • Mixed melasma: The most common of these three types, mixed melasma features both brown and bluish patches.

Treatments Available For Melasma

Melasma is often confused with other skin conditions. Skin care professionals often perform a biopsy to identify the condition, removing and examining a small piece of skin.

The volume and depth of melanin pigment present in your skin will determine the necessary number of treatments. Four or five treatments are usually sufficient to treat most black or brown spots. Here at Avana, we apply the treatment with our Helios-III, world unique Fractional Q-Switched Nd: YAG laser. The sensation only lasts for a fraction of a second, and you may experience a warm feeling (many patients describe the sensation as a kind of hot pinch). Most people tolerate pigmentation removal without any topical anesthetic cream.

Treatments are performed every four weeks apart, and the melasma continues to fade in between each treatment. The interval allows skin healing and fading to maximise before the next treatment.

The Key Benefits of Avana Helios-III Treatments

All Avana treatments are undertaken by highly experienced and qualified consultants, using the most proven technologies and techniques. We have successfully provided our FDA-approved treatments for over a decade, which we believe is evidence of our experience and professionalism. The key benefits include:

  • Helios-III is FDA approved, which means it is a world-class laser machine
  • Painless and very safe because of the patented fractional handpiece
  • Minimum downtime
  • The laser beam emitted is even and uniform resulting in the treatment being very effective

Melasma goes away on its own for many, though it may be permanent for some. For others, the condition will respond to treatment after a few months. Most cases of melasma will fade away with time and with good protection from sunlight and other light sources.

If you have any worries about the pigmentation of your skin, contact us to make an appointment, where we will present you with options, and make the appropriate recommendations for treatment.

Your Tattoo Removal FAQs Answered

While tattoos are supposed to last forever, sometimes you change your mind and they need to be removed. Laser tattoo removal is a safe and effective way to get rid of your unwanted ink. If you are considering laser tattoo removal, chances are you have a lot of questions you want answered before you get it zapped. We have put together some of the most common questions regarding tattoo removal so you can go into the treatment feeling comfortable and confident you’ve made the right choice.

How much will it cost? 

Pricing can be a big part of the decision when it comes to tattoo removal. Here at Avana, we want to provide laser tattoo removal in NZ that is accessible for all individuals at a cost-effective price. We have a wide range of laser tattoo removal packages that depend on tattoo size. Each tattoo is different and will require different numbers of sessions before it is completely removed. The majority of professional tattoos usually require 6 to 10 treatments spaced 4-6 weeks apart. At Avana, our prices start from as low as $69 a session.

How effective is it?

All tattoos whether professional or amateur do respond to our treatments. Some tattoos are easier to remove than others, depending on factors such as the colour, quality, and depth of the pigment. Some pigments, especially yellow, blue, and orange are more difficult to get away with, but they respond following a prolonged course of treatments. Placement on certain areas of the body can also make it harder to remove a tattoo — tattoos on thinner-skinned areas like the ankle or fingers are more difficult to remove than those placed on thicker-skinned areas, such as the abdomen and shoulders.

How does it work?

At Avana, we use the latest laser technology and laser equipment for tattoo removal. We use the Helios-III, the world’s first Fractional Q-Switched laser system with special optics. This releases a sudden burst of energy to break up the ink particles on the skin. Once broken, your body is able to remove these smaller ink particles as a natural process, resulting in your tattoo becoming progressively lighter with each treatment and eventually fading away.

How much will it hurt? 

One of the benefits of using the Helios-III laser is that the fractional laser system makes it less painful than other laser tattoo removal systems. It has been described as a thin rubber band snapped against your skin. If you have a low pain tolerance and are super concerned about the pain, a topical numbing cream can be applied an hour beforehand to make the procedure more comfortable. Since each session only lasts between 15 and 30 minutes, the pain is very bearable.

Will there be side effects? 

With laser tattoo removal, it is common to see side effects in the hours and days after your treatment, but they tend to be manageable. Redness and swelling are completely normal, and it is likely that your treatment site will feel tender, as if you have a sunburn. Hypopigmentation or temporary lightening of the skin is also common and will resolve naturally with time.

Ready to remove your tattoo? 

Laser tattoo removal can sound scary, but in reality, it is a simple and bearable process that can erase any regretful tattoos you have. We provide our customers with an effective, money-saving, fast, and safe tattoo removal service in Auckland. If you are ready to get rid of your ink, book a free video consultation with us to figure out what we can do for you.

Reduce stretch marks

A stretch mark is a scar that develops when our skin stretches or shrinks quickly. Stretch marks aren’t painful or harmful in any way, but not everyone likes the way that they look on their skin. In this blog we explore why people get stretch marks, why they look different on different people, and how we here at Avana can help you to reduce the appearance of them.

Why do we get stretch marks?

The abrupt stretching of skin causes the collagen and elastin that support our skin to rupture, leaving a red, purple, pink, or reddish-brown mark on your skin. Collagen is a protein that makes your skin more elastic. If your skin doesn’t have enough, the marks may show up as it stretches. Their severity is affected by several factors, including your genetics and the degree of stress on the skin. Your level of the hormone cortisol also might play a role. Cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands, weakens elastic fibres in the skin. They commonly appear during or after pregnancy, or after other sudden or rapid changes in your weight. For example, rapidly growing teenagers might notice some stretch marks.

Who can get stretch marks?

Anyone can develop stretch marks, but some factors increase your likelihood of getting them, including:

  • Being female
  • Having a personal or family history of stretch marks
  • Being pregnant, especially if you’re young
  • Rapid growth in adolescence
  • Rapidly gaining or losing weight
  • Using corticosteroids
  • Having breast enlargement surgery
  • Exercising and using anabolic steroids
  • Having a genetic disorder such as Cushing’s syndrome or Marfan syndrome

These marks can appear just about anywhere, but they’re most common on the stomach, breasts, upper arms, thighs, and buttocks. Stretch marks don’t look the same on everybody. The appearance of your stretch marks can depend on a combination of variables, like:

  • Your natural skin tone
  • Your skin’s health and elasticity
  • The body part affected

Reduce the appearance of your stretch marks at Avana

At Avana, we offer a volumetric skin treatment that can help to fade stretch marks. ScarLet is a revolutionary technology that delivers fractional radiofrequency (RF) directly into the deeper layers of skin, resulting in formation of the body’s own collagen & elastin, which improves saggy skin, wrinkles, acne scars, large pores, and stretch marks. Minimal downtime, no pain, and great safety profile make this treatment very popular with all skin types. The results vary between individuals, but most clients report improvement in quality of skin, brightness, freshness, & fading of stretch marks. As it takes some time for your body to produce collagen, the effects and final results take around three months.

Ready to reduce your stretch marks?

At Avana, all treatments are undertaken by highly experienced and qualified consultants, using the smartest technologies and proven techniques. We’ve been successfully offering our treatments for over 10 years, which is demonstrable proof that our clients appreciate the quality of the service we offer and most importantly, the results we achieve. If you are ready to reduce your stretch marks using our volumetric skin treatment, book a free video consult with us today.

How much time will it take to remove tattoos?

How much time will it take to remove tattoos?

The tattoo removal practice is a complicated treatment, and the time it takes to completely remove a tattoo can be dependent on numerous aspects. Avana Laser tattoo removal can take anyplace from one moment to an hour. The size, color, type, and area of your tattoo will identify how long the removal approach requires. Some tattoos will require more than one session to finish the removal.

Why remove a tattoo?

There are lots of reasons why you might want to remove a tattoo. Here are just some considerations:

  1. Change in personal taste: Your preferences and style may have evolved, and the tattoo no longer reflects your current likes and dislikes.

  2. Job restrictions: Certain professions may have rules against visible tattoos, so removing it could be necessary for better job opportunities.

  3. Relationship changes: If the tattoo represents a past relationship and you’ve ended things, removing it can help you move on and start fresh.

  4. Fading or poor quality: Tattoos that have faded over time or were poorly executed may not look aesthetically pleasing, and removing them can improve their appearance.

  5. Regret or impulsiveness: Sometimes, people get tattoos on a whim or without considering the long-term consequences, and later regret their decision.

  6. Change in symbolic meaning: The tattoo may have held a particular meaning at the time, but as your beliefs or values change, the significance may no longer resonate with you.

  7. Negative associations: Tattoos tied to traumatic events or negative experiences can bring back painful memories, and removing them can help with emotional healing.

  8. Professional advancement: In certain competitive fields, visible tattoos may hinder career growth. Removing them can project a more professional image and enhance opportunities.

  9. Allergic reactions: Some individuals may develop allergies to tattoo ink, causing skin irritations or health issues, necessitating tattoo removal.

  10. Aging and body changes: As the body ages, tattoos can stretch, distort, or fade, leading to a desire for removal to restore the appearance of the skin.

Consulting with a professional tattoo removal specialist is recommended to discuss individual circumstances and available options.

Find out more about our tattoo removal options here.